The Scientific Revolution

The Catholic Church which had previously been a formidable force throughout the Medieval period underwent significant changes in light of the Protestant Reformation, and regained a lot of its traction after its own, Catholic, reformation throughout the late 16th and early 17th century in the form of a renewed Roman Inquisition as well as a … Continue reading The Scientific Revolution

European Exploration in the Renaissance

The most powerful motivation that encouraged European exploration around the world was based on trade.  Trade was the currency of the age, and the ability to trade world-wide, receive luxury goods along with necessary ones and foster colonization around the globe allowed European powers to gain wealth, making them formidable forces on a global scale.  … Continue reading European Exploration in the Renaissance

The Counter-Reformation

While the Catholic Reformation (or the counter-reformation) was too little too late to save the schism in the church from the growing Protestant Reformation movement, it was an integral part of salvaging the Catholic church, revitalizing it and directly addressing the corruption that had allowed for the Protestant movement to begin with.[1] The counter-reformation was … Continue reading The Counter-Reformation

Martin Luther and the Reformation

By the sixteenth century, the Catholic Church had endured amid controversy, schisms and corruption with little competition throughout much of Western Europe.  All that was about to change, however, with the reformer Martin Luther and his controversial (and heretical) opposition to Church doctrine and practices. Martin Luther’s primary disagreement with the church originated with the … Continue reading Martin Luther and the Reformation

Renaissance Humanism

Reading about Renaissance humanism emphasized the fact that there was no true “humanist movement” or “philosophy” that characterized the Renaissance, humanism did greatly impact culture, education, publication and art throughout Europe during the Renaissance.  While it can be said that humanism emphasized the dignity of the human being in relation to the divine and helped … Continue reading Renaissance Humanism

Renaissance Politics and Machiavelli

Writing at the turn of the 16th century, Nicolo Machiavelli was no stranger to conflict, upheaval and change rather than stability.  The Prince highlights the nature of that instability and offers guidelines, suggestions and examples for would-be rulers to emulate, as well as countless examples best avoided.  By divorcing ethics from politics[1], Machiavelli extoled virtues … Continue reading Renaissance Politics and Machiavelli